Located in the American Southeast Region, and sharing coastline with the Gulf of Mexico, fishermen in Alabama have both freshwater and saltwater options. Mostly, freshwater fishing is limited to warmwater species, but there is a little bit of tailwater dam trout fishing as is often the case in regions where water temps would typically be too warm for trout species.
Alabama Freshwater Fishing
Some of the large lakes in Alabama are world famous for big bass. One example is Lake Guntersville, which in recent years has been ranked number 6 in the nation for bass by Bassmaster magazine. It's mostly known for largemouth but produces some outstanding smallmouth fishing as well.
The other rather famous lake in the state is Lake Eufaula. It does not receive the top ten ratings of Guntersville, but produces a ton of big bass and is pretty outstanding for other species too...like catfish, spotted bass, and more. It's a lake you might consider too if you are looking to avoid the crowds.
In addition to these two big lakes, Alabama has a lot in the way of public access fishing lakes. Jump on the internet and search "public fishing lake" for the zip code you are interested in and you are likely to find some terrific options.
Alabama Saltwater Fishing
There is a lot of fun to be had on the saltwaters of the Alabama coast as well as offshore. Drive down any coastal road that passes a pier in the state, and you will see fishermen just about any time of the year. Get a ways off the public swimming beaches and you are likely to find fishermen fishing the surf on an incoming tide for redfish, black drum, and much more.
As is the case with many states in the region, a quick word about environmental threats is in order. As always is the case, there is a delicate balance being navigated in the area between big industry and conservation. Particularly on the coast, there is some risk that stewardship of the natural resources is tipping too much in the direction of big corporations and away from the interests of common folks and hunters and fishermen.